Amenemhat III, the sixth king of the 12th dynasty, is considered the mightiest ruler of Egypt
during the period of the Middle Kingdom (about 2119-1794 BC). He managed to finalize the
centralization of the country and to strengthen its borders. His reign was marked with active
monumental construction work. He built two pyramids for himself – one in Dahshur, and one in
the Haware necropolis near Faiyum. The second one was a part of a huge temple complex.
This fragment of a sitting statue of Amenemhat III is a recognized masterpiece of the royal
plastic art of the Middle Kingdom.