A new anthropoid form of sarcophagi was developed in the Nile valley in the end of the Middle
Kingdom, at the decline of the 12th dynasty. Such sarcophagi followed the shape of a mummy. During the
New Kingdom and the III Transitional Period Egyptian elite was buried in the so-called "nesting sets" of
2-3 anthropoid sarcophagi fitting into each other.
The walls of the wooden sarcophagus that belonged to Makhu, "the landlord of the House of Amon", are
decorated with the images of Thoth, Anubis, and four sons of Horus that were considered the patrons of
canopic jars – vessels used for the storage of the internal organs taken out during the mummification