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Archipenko, Alexander
Grace (The Worship of Beauty)

The dissemination and development of Cubist principles in both painting and sculpture are connected first and foremost with the activity of the De Puteaux group, to which Alexander Archipenko belonged. Born in Kiev, Archipenko moved to Paris in 1908 and became involved in bold artistic experiments. Turning to the medium of counter-volume (the representation of swelling forms by contrasting them with hollow ones) he revolutionised sculpture. The geometrical simplification of form characteristic of Cubism led Archipenko to discover the expressive possibility of emptiness, i.e., sheer 'zero' form.