In the Medieval times, the Italian painting was evolving in close contact with the Byzantine art. But gradually, beginning with the second half of the 13th century, the new type of art sometimes called Protorenaissance started to form there.
Italian paintings of the 15th and early 16th centuries introduce us to the epoch of evolvement and blossom of the Renaissance. The ideological foundation of the Renaissance culture was Humanism with its revelation of the antique heritage and deep assimilation with it. The art of those times approved the idea of human's high destination. The artists depicted the outworld relying upon scientific achievements. They also developed the basics of linear perspective, studied human anatomy and light effects.